Tuesday, May 26, 2020

How to Write a Dreyfus Affair Sample Essay

How to Write a Dreyfus Affair Sample EssayDreyfus Affair sample essays can be very easy to write as long as you know the right things to include in your work. You will need to be able to apply what you learned from this affair. You will need to know what subjects to include so that you can make your own sample essay.The first thing that you will need to remember is that you should never use the Dreyfus Affair to make light of your family or if you are the victim, you will have to be very careful with what you write. I am not talking about the part where they were involved in an affair but you should try to see if you can write about something that will make them look bad. If you are writing for someone else then it is okay to include this because it will make you look very good. However, don't be a pervert and use this to write something that you would do to them.Also, you should be able to write a different type of case that has an open-ended ending. This is because when you are wri ting about an affair, you are going to cover many aspects and not all of them will be ending. You may have a situation that is very simple but written in such a way that makes the person look like they are guilty. So you need to be sure that you can write about these things so that you can make them look good.When you are writing a sample essay about a marital affair, the rules that govern those cases don't apply to the one in your case. You shouldn't write about other people's marriages, because it will look like you are trying to make something happen in their lives. It is not your business and it is just something you are going to write about. But, if you are writing about the Dreyfus Affair, you should be aware that there are some things that you should not write about.You can include things such as diary entries, correspondence, and everything that goes on in a person's life. You can include all kinds of things. The only thing that you should not include in your sample essay is anything about a sexual act. You will need to know the details of the sexual acts if you are writing a test or the sample itself because you have to show the reader the evidence and the facts.Another thing that you should also remember is that you shouldn't try to manipulate the person in a case in any way, shape, or form and you shouldn't try to get additional information. You should always write the truth and you shouldn't twist the facts to make them look better. This could cause harm to both parties and it is illegal.As long as you remember those things, then you should be able to write the sample essay about the Dreyfus Affair. You don't have to worry too much about making a good one because you will be writing about something that has already happened and you won't want to add anything that you wouldn't write about if you were the person involved. So, just remember those things and you should be able to write the best one out there.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd U.S. President

President Franklin D. Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945) led the United States during the Great Depression and World War II. Paralyzed from the waist down after suffering a bout of polio, Roosevelt overcame his disability and was elected president of the United States an unprecedented four times. Fast Facts: Franklin Delano Roosevelt Known For: Served four terms as president of the United States during the Great Depression and World War IIAlso Known As: FDRBorn: January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New YorkParents: James Roosevelt and Sara Ann DelanoDied: April 12, 1945 in Warm Springs, GeorgiaEducation: Harvard University and Columbia University Law SchoolSpouse: Eleanor RooseveltChildren: Anna, James, Elliott, Franklin,  JohnNotable Quote: â€Å"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.† Early Years Franklin D. Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, at his familys estate, Springwood, in Hyde Park, New York, as the only child of his wealthy parents, James Roosevelt and Sara Ann Delano. James Roosevelt, who had been married once before and had a son (James Roosevelt Jr.) from his first marriage, was an elderly father (he was 53 when Franklin was born). Franklins mother Sara was only 27 when he was born and doted on her only child. Until she died in 1941 (just four years before Franklins death), Sara played a very influential role in her sons life, a role that some describe as controlling and possessive. Franklin D. Roosevelt spent his early years at his family home in Hyde Park. Since he was tutored at home and traveled extensively with his family, Roosevelt did not spend much time with others his age. In 1896 at age 14, Roosevelt was sent for his first formal schooling at the Groton School, a prestigious preparatory boarding school in Groton, Massachusetts. While there, Roosevelt was an average student. College and Marriage Roosevelt entered Harvard University in 1900. Only a few months into his first year, his father died. During his college years, Roosevelt became very active with the school newspaper, The Harvard Crimson, and became its managing editor in 1903. That same year, Roosevelt got engaged to his fifth cousin once removed, Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (Roosevelt was her maiden name as well as her married one). Franklin and Eleanor were married two years later, on St. Patricks Day, March 17, 1905. Over the next 11 years, they had six children, although only five lived past infancy. Early Political Career In 1905, Franklin D. Roosevelt entered Columbia Law School but left once he passed the New York State Bar exam in 1907. He worked for a few years in the New York law firm of Carter, Ledyard, and Milburn. He was asked in 1910 to run as a Democrat for the State Senate seat from Duchess County, New York. Although Roosevelt had grown up in Duchess County, the seat had long been held by Republicans. Despite the odds against him, Roosevelt won the Senate seat in 1910 and then again in 1912. Roosevelts career as a state senator was cut short in 1913 when he was appointed by President Woodrow Wilson as the assistant secretary of the Navy. This position became even more important when the United States began making preparations to join in World War I. Franklin D. Roosevelt Runs for Vice President Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted to rise in politics like his fifth cousin (and Eleanors uncle), President Theodore Roosevelt. Even though Franklin D. Roosevelts political career looked very promising, however, he did not win every election. In 1920, Roosevelt was chosen as the vice presidential candidate on the Democratic ticket with James M. Cox. FDR and Cox lost the election. Having lost, Roosevelt decided to take a short break from politics and re-enter the business world. Just a few months later, Roosevelt got sick. Polio Strikes In the summer of 1921, Franklin D. Roosevelt and his family took a vacation to their summer home on Campobello Island, off the coast of Maine and New Brunswick, Canada. On August 10, 1921, after a day spent outdoors, Roosevelt began to feel weak. He went to bed early but woke up the next day much worse, with a high fever and with weakness in his legs. By August 12, 1921, he could no longer stand. Eleanor called a number of doctors to come and see FDR, but it wasnt until August 25 that Dr. Robert Lovett diagnosed him with poliomyelitis (i.e. polio). Before the vaccine was created in 1955, polio was an unfortunately common virus that, in its most severe form, could cause paralysis. At age 39, Roosevelt had lost the use of both of his legs. (In 2003, researchers decided it was likely that Roosevelt had Guillain-Barre syndrome rather than polio.) Roosevelt refused to be limited by his disability. To overcome his lack of mobility, Roosevelt had steel leg braces created that could be locked into an upright position to keep his legs straight. With the leg braces on under his clothes, Roosevelt could stand and slowly walk with the aid of crutches and a friends arm. Without the use of his legs, Roosevelt needed extra strength in his upper torso and arms. By swimming nearly every day, Roosevelt could move in and out of his wheelchair as well as up stairs. Roosevelt even had his car adapted to his disability by installing hand controls rather than foot pedals so that he could sit behind the wheel and drive. Despite the paralysis, Roosevelt kept his humor and charisma. Unfortunately, he also still had pain. Always looking for ways to soothe his discomfort, Roosevelt found a health spa in 1924 that seemed to be one of the very few things that could ease his pain. Roosevelt found such comfort there that in 1926 he bought it. At this spa in Warm Springs, Georgia, Roosevelt subsequently built a house (known as the Little White House) and established a polio treatment center to help other polio patients. Governor of New York In 1928, Franklin D. Roosevelt was asked to run for governor of New York. While he wanted back into politics, FDR had to determine whether or not his body was strong enough to withstand a gubernatorial campaign. In the end, he decided he could do it. Roosevelt won the election in 1928 for governor of New York and then won again in 1930. Franklin D. Roosevelt was now following a similar political path as his distant cousin, President Theodore Roosevelt, from the assistant secretary of the navy to governor of New York to the president of the United States. Underwood Archives / Getty Images Four-Term President During Roosevelts tenure as governor of New York, the Great Depression hit the United States. As average citizens lost their savings and their jobs, people became increasingly infuriated at the limited steps President Herbert Hoover was taking to solve this huge economic crisis. In the election of 1932, citizens were demanding change and FDR promised it to them. In a landslide election, Franklin D. Roosevelt won the presidency. Before FDR became president, there was no limit to the number of terms a person could serve in the office. Up to this point, most presidents had limited themselves to serving a maximum of two terms, as set by the example of George Washington. However, in the time of need caused by the Great Depression and World War II, the people of the United States elected Franklin D. Roosevelt as president of the United States four consecutive times. Partly because of FDRs long stint as president, Congress created the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution which limited future presidents to a maximum of two terms (ratified in 1951). Roosevelt spent his first two terms as president taking steps to ease the U.S. out of the Great Depression. The first three months of his presidency were a whirlwind of activity, which has become known as the first hundred days. The New Deal that FDR offered to the American people began immediately after he took office. Within his first week, Roosevelt had declared a banking holiday in order to strengthen the banks and reestablish confidence in the banking system. FDR also quickly created the alphabet agencies (such as the AAA, CCC, FERA, TVA, and TWA) to help offer relief. On March 12, 1933, Roosevelt addressed the American people via the radio in what became the first of his presidential fireside chats. Roosevelt used these radio speeches to communicate with the public in order to instill confidence in the government and to calm citizens fears and worries. FDRs policies helped lessen the severity of the Great Depression but it did not solve it. It wasnt until World War II that the U.S. was finally out of the depression. Once World War II began in Europe, Roosevelt ordered an increased production of war machinery and supplies. When Pearl Harbor on Hawaii was attacked on December 7, 1941, Roosevelt answered the attack with his a date which will live in infamy speech and a formal declaration of war. FDR led the United States during World War II and was one of the Big Three (Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin) that led the Allies. In 1944, Roosevelt won his fourth presidential election; however, he did not live to finish it. Death On April 12, 1945, Roosevelt was sitting in a chair at his home in Warm Springs, Georgia, having his portrait painted by Elizabeth Shoumatoff, when he stated I have a terrific headache and then lost consciousness. He had suffered a massive cerebral hemorrhage at 1:15 p.m. Franklin D. Roosevelt was pronounced dead at 3:35 p.m. at age 63. Roosevelt, having led the United States during both the Great Depression and World War II, died less than one month before the end of the war in Europe. He was buried at his family home in Hyde Park. Legacy Roosevelt is often listed among the greatest presidents of the United States. A leader who guided the United States out of isolationism and into victory during World War II, he also created a New Deal that paved the path for an array of services to support Americas workers and poor. Roosevelt was also a major figure in the work that led to the creation of the League of Nations and, in later years, the United Nations. Sources â€Å"Franklin D. Roosevelt.† The White House, The United States Government.ï » ¿Freidel, Frank. â€Å"Franklin D. Roosevelt.† Encyclopà ¦dia Britannica, 26 Jan. 2019.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Development Of The World Population - 1528 Words

During the course of the long history, the development of the world population directly depends on the mode of social production, especially the level of development of productive forces. In the history, mankind got the tremendous progress in productivity often with the population rapid develop. In the primitive society, the primitive society s population birth rate and the mortality rate all maintained at about 50% because of the objective law and the social production mode. The number of the population maintain in a state of high birth, high death, and almost stagnant growth. After entering the era of capitalism, the population rapid grows due to the industrial revolution in Europe in 18th. From the early nineteenth century to 1950, Europe, the United States and other developed countries’ population growth 2.35 times in the 150 years, meanwhile other developing countries population growth of only 1.31 times. After World War II, the second wave of the population happened in the whole world. In 1950-1988, the world population became doubled. When entered the second half of the 20th century, the unprecedented population growth was coming. Not only the population growth rate reached a historical peak level, and the population increase over more than two million years of human history accumulated in the total population. As we all know that population problem affect the state of the economy and it can cause many kinds problems. Nowadays, effectively solving the populationShow MoreRelatedSustainability, Protection And The Preservation Of The Environment Essay1409 Words   |  6 Pagessupply of resources that humans need in order to satisfy their needs and wants. However, if you look at the world recently, humans have started to realize that these resources aren’t unlimited and have started thinking about sustainability, protection and the preservation of the environment. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Micro Economic Essay Sample free essay sample

1. Principe OF ECONOMICS-MANKIEWChapter 1- QUESTION FOR REVIEW ( 18 )No 3. What is rising prices and what causes it?= Inflation is an addition in the overall degree of monetary values in the economic system. Inflation happen because perpetrator is growing in the measure o money when a authorities creates larges measures of the nation’s money. the value of the money. No 5. Explain the two chief causes of market failure and give an illustration of each! = Externality. is the impact of one person’s action on the well being of a bystanderExample: pollution.= Market power. is the ability of a individual economic histrion ( or little group of acors ) to hold a significant influence on market monetary values.Example: if everyone in town demands H2O but there is merely one well. the proprietor of the well is non capable to the strict competition with which the unseeable manus usually keeps self involvement in cheque. 2. Principles of economics-mankiewChapter 2 –question for reappraisal ( 38 )No. 1. Why do economic experts sometimes offer conflicting advice to policymakers?= economic expert who advise policymakers offer conflicting advise either because of differences in scientific opinions or because of differences in values. At other times. economic expert are united in the advice they offer. but policymakers may take to disregard it. No. 7. What are the subfields into which economics is divided? Explain what each subfield surveies. = microeconomics and macroeconomics.Microeconomicss is the survey of how families and houses are make determinations and how they interact in shapers.Macroeconomicss is the survey of economi broad phenomena. including rising prices. unemployment. and economic growing. 3. PRINCIPES OF ECONOMICS-MANKIEWChapter 3 – QUESTION FOR REVIEW ( 61 )No 2. Give an illustration in which one individual has an absolute advantage in making something but another individual has a comparative advantage.= illustration of absolute advantage: in this instance. clip is the lone input. So we can find absolute advantage by looking at how much each type of production takes. The rancher has an absolute advantage both in bring forthing meat and in bring forthing murphies because she requires less clip than the husbandman to bring forth a unit of either good. The rancher needs to input merely 20 proceedingss to bring forth an ounce of meat. whereas the husbandman needs 60 proceedingss. Similiarly. the rancher demand merely 10 proceedingss to bring forth an ounce of murphies. whereas the husbandman needs 15 proceedingss. Based on this information. we conclude that the rancher has the lower cost of bring forthing murphies. if we measure cost by the measure of inputs. =example of comparative advantage: the husbandman has a lower chance cost of bring forthing murphies than the rancher. An ounce of murphies cost the husbandman merely 14 ounce of meat. but it cost the rancher 12 ounce of meat. Conversely. the rancher has a lower chance cost of bring forthing meat than the husbandman: an ounce of meat costs the rancher 2 ounce of murphies. but it cost the husbandman 4 ounce of murphies. Therefore the husbandman has a comparative advantage in turning murphies. and the rancher has a comparative advantage in bring forthing meat. No 4. Explain how absolute advantage and comparative advantage differ! =the people who can bring forth good with the smaller measure of inputs is said to hold an absolute advantages in bring forthing good. The individual who has the smaller chance cost of bring forthing the good is said to hold a comparative advantage. 4. Principe OF ECONOMICS-MANKIEWChapter 4-QUESTION FOR THE REVIEW ( 86 )No. 6. Specify the equilibrium of the market. Describe the forces that move a market toward its equilibrium= Equilibrium is a state of affairs in which the market monetary value has reached the degree at which measure supplied peers measure demanded. The behaviour of purchasers and Sellerss of course drives markets toward their equilibrium. The activities of the many purchasers and Sellerss automatically push the market monetary value toward the equilibrium monetary value. Once the market reaches its equilibrium. all purchasers and Sellerss are satisfied. and there is no upward or downward force per unit area on the monetary value. In most free markets. excesss and deficits are merely impermanent because monetary values finally move toward their equilibrium degrees. No. 9. What is a competitory market? Briefly describe a type of market that is non absolutely competitory. = competitory market is a market in which there are many purchasers and many Sellerss so that each has a negligible impact on the market monetary value. * Monopolistic competition = market characterized by legion purchasers and comparatively legion Sellerss seeking to distinguish their merchandise from those of rivals. * Oligopoly = market characterized by a smattering of ( by and large big ) Sellerss with the power to act upon the monetary values of their merchandises. * Monopoly = market in which there is merely one manufacturer that can therefor put the monetary values of its merchandises 5. Principles OF ECONOMICS-MANKIEW CHAPTER 5-QUESTION OF REVIEW ( 109 )No. 5. If the snap is grearter than 1. is demand elastic or inelastic? If the snap peers 0. is demand absolutely elastic or absolutely inelastic?= If the snap is greater than 1. and demand is elastic. if the snap yequals 0. demand is absolutely inelastic No 9. List and explainthe four determinantsof the monetary value snap of demand discussed in the chapter. * Availability of close replacements Goods with close replacements tend to hold more elastic demand because it is easier for consumer s to exchange from that goods to others. * Necessities versus luxuriesNecessities tend to hold inelastic demands. whereas luxuries have elastic demands. * Definition of the marketThe snap of demand in any market depends on how we draw the boundaries of the market. * Time skylineGoods tend to hold more elastic demand over longer clip skylines. 6. Principle OF ECONOMICS-MANKIEWCHAPTER 6-QUESTION OF REVIEW ( 131 )No. 2. What determines how the load of the revenue enhancement is divided between purchasers and Sellerss? Why?= revenue enhancement incidence. Tax incidence is the mode in which the load of the revenue enhancement is shared among participants in a market. The term revenue enhancement incidence refers to how the load of the revenue enhancement is distributed among the assorted people who make up the economic system. As we will see. some surprising lessons about revenue enhancement incidence can be learned by using the tools of supply and demand. No. 7. Give an illustration of a monetary value ceiling and an illustration of a monetary value floor = monetary value ceiling is a legal upper limit on the monetary value of a good or service. An illustration is rent control. If the monetary value ceiling is below the equilibrium monetary value. the measure demanded exceeds the measure supplied. Because of the resulting deficit. Sellerss must in some manner ration the good or service among purchasers. =a monetary value floor is a legal lower limit on the monetary value of good or service. An illustration is the minimal pay. If the monetary value floor is above the equilibrium monetary value. the measure supplied exceeds the measure demanded. Because of the ensuing excess. buyer’s demands for the good or service must in some manner in rationed among Sellerss. 7. Principles OF ECONOMICS – MANKIEWCHAPTER 7-QUESTION OF REVIEW ( 155 )No. 1. Name two types of market failure. Explain why each may do market results to be inefficient. 1. Market power. It can cauase markets to be inefficients because it keeps the monetary value and measure off from the equilibrium of supply and demand. 2. Outwardnesss. cause public assistance in a market to depend on more than merely the vaue to the purchasers and the cost to the Sellerss. Bacause purchasers and Sellerss do non see these side effects when make up ones minding how much to devour and bring forth. the equilibrium in a market can be inefficient from the point of view of society as a whole. No. 2. In a supply-and-demand diagram. show manufacturer and consumer excess in the market equilibrium. 8. Principles OF ECONOMICS-MANKIEWChapter 8 –QUESTION OF REVIEW ( 173 )No. 3. Pull a supply-and-deand diaram with a revenue enhancement on the sale of the good. Show the deadweightloss. Show the revenue enhancement gross= No. 4. What happen to deadweight loss and revenue enhancement gross when a revenue enhancement is increased?= when the size of revenue enhancement addition. it disorts inducements more. and its deadweight loss rapidly gets larger.But. foremost revenue enhancement gross rises with the size of the revenue enhancement. as the revenue enhancement get larger plenty. the revenue enhancement gross starts to fall ( after reach the maximal point ) 9. PRINCIPLES ECONOMICS-MANKIEWChapter 9-QUESTION FOR REVIEW ( 196 )No. 4. When does a state go an exporter of a good? An importer? = a low domestic monetary value indicates that the state has a comparative advantage in bring forthing the good and that the state will go an exporter. A high domestic monetary value indicates that the remainder of the universe has a comparative advantages in bring forthing the good and that the state will go an importer. No. 5. Describe what a duty and its economic sciences consequence = duty is a revenue enhancement on goods produced abbroad and sold domestically. The effects. the duty reduces the measure of imports and moves the domestic market closer to its equilibrium without trade. 10. Principles OF ECONOMICS – MANKIEWChapter 13 – QUESTION OF THE REVIEW ( 284 )No. 1. Define economic systems of graduated table and explicate why they might originate. = economic systems of graduated table. is the belongings whereby long-term mean entire cost falls as the measure of end product additions Economies of sclae frequently arise because higher production degrees allow specialisation among workers. which permits each worker to go better at a specific undertaking. No. 4. What is fringy merchandise. and what does it intend if it is decreasing? =marginal merchandise is the addition in end product that arises from an extra unit of input.Decreasing fringy merchandise intend the belongings whereby the fringy merchandise of an input declines as the measure of the input additions. 11. Principles OF ECONOMICS – MANKIEWChapter 21 – QUESTION OF THR REVIEW ( 480 )No 1. A consumer has income of $ 3000. Wine cost $ 3 per glass. nd cheese cost $ 6 per lb. Pull the consumer’s budget restraint. What is the incline of this budget restraint? No. 2. Pull a consumer’s indifference cuvers for vino and cheee. Describe and explicate four belongingss of these indifference curves. Answer no. 2Four belongingss of indifference curve:1. Higher indifference curvves are preferred to lower 1s. Peoples normally prefer to devour more goods instead than less. 2. Indifference curves are downward sloping. The incline of indifference curve reflects the rate at which the consumer is willing to replace one good for the other. In most instances. the consumer likes both goods. Therefore. if the measure of one good is reduced. the measure of the other good must increase for the consumer to be every bit happy. For this ground. most indifference curves slope downward. 3. Indifference curves do non traverse. The consumers ever prefers more of both goods to less. 4. Indifference curves are bowed inward. The incline of indifference curves is the fringy rate of substitution-the rate of which the consumer is willing to merchandise off one good for the other. The fringy rate of permutation ( MRS ) normally depends on the sum of each good the consumer is presently devouring. In peculia r. because people are more willing to merchandise away goods that they have in copiousness and less willing to merchandise away goods of which they have small. the indifference curves are bowed inward.

Wednesday, April 15, 2020

Gang Culture Has Increasingly Become A Subculture For Many Teenage You

Gang Culture has increasingly become a subculture for many teenage youths. Main minority teens, these social outcast are often have no real economic stability and no parental supervision or guidance. As a result, teenagers often rebel and seek comfort in gangs. These gangs provide what is lacking in their lives, a sense of belonging. Minorities are often stereotyped and criticized, especially minorities born into poverty. They are condemned simply because they are not of the same race or of the same class as the majority (often middle class whites). Before these minorities can even prove themselves equal, society already pushes them towards the subculture that has risen out of oppression and rebellion. Gang culture reinforces, and in some cases challenges, the social norms of economic class. Minority gangs typically come from the inner city. Society often blames the inner city teenager for giving into these gangs but still do nothing to help prevent it. Many people fail to realize the difficulty in living in the ghettos. White suburban kids do not have to avoid certain streets just to avoid confrontation. White suburban kids do not have to live with the constant violence on the streets. White suburban kids do not have to worry about drive-by shootings. With so much violence in inner cities, one can only expect teenagers to be easily misguided. Many inner city kids are able to avoid the gang life, however, there are still the others that have succumbed to the lifestyle. With the violence, peer pressure, and the need to fit in, it is not surprising that many troubled teenagers find comfort in gangs. Gangs offer them protection, Friendship, and a sense of belonging. Society often looks at lower-class minority teenager as low-class street hoodlums. Gangs only help reinforce this stereotype. As teenagers growing up, they do not have the nice sports cars of the nice clothes to show off as many other middle, upper-class teenagers do. Regardless of race or class, people associate material items with identity and status. And with these possessions, people use them as a means of competition to show off their status. However, lower-class gang members are not able to communicate through materialistic possessions. With no economic power, these teenagers often turn to violence as an alternate from of power. With all the violence out on the streets, gangbangers do not care so much about materialist items. What is more important is survival. Middle-class teenagers do not have to fear for their lives every day. Instead they worry more about being accepted into the right crowds and owning lots of expensive items to show off. Most people fail to realize gang members are products of a bad environment that they are forced to live in. Immigrant families arrive with little money and have no choice but to live in bad neighborhoods. Society sees ghettos that are overfilled with immigrants and gangs so all low-class minority teens end up being stereotyped as being gangsters. The violence is not only on the streets but also at home. Often times, lower-class minority teens come from unstable homes. Immigrant parents no doubt already have a difficult time trying to make it in this prejudice society. With hard time the common cycle of poverty, drug and alcohol abuse, and sometime physical abuse arises. As a result teenager often rebel against their parents and find solace elsewhere. Because of the lack of love and guidance from parents, teens often stray from the family and wander blindly into the life of a gangbanger. Many of these ghetto troubled teens feel that they have nothin going for them so choosing this type of lifestyle is their way of getting through life and it is the only way they know to get through llife. Adolescence is the most crucial time to shape a young mind. When the world is against them during these times, many minority teens tend to easily stray from the right path and enter into the wrong crowd. Gangs have become a growing trend, a perfect outlet for many troubled youths. They feel that they have nothing to life for so instead they live for their gangs. Although gang members are typically inner city minority teenagers, there are still many "wannabes" that are attracted

Thursday, March 12, 2020

The Truth Behind Pirate Legends and Myths

The Truth Behind Pirate Legends and Myths With new books and movies coming out all the time, pirates have never been more popular than now. But is the iconic image of a peg-legged pirate with a treasure map and a parrot on his shoulder historically accurate? Lets sort the facts from the myths about pirates of the Golden Age of piracy, which lasted from 1700 to 1725. Pirates Buried Their Treasure Mostly myth. Some pirates did bury treasure - notably, Captain William Kidd - but it was not a common practice. Pirates wanted their share of the loot right away, and they tended to spend it quickly. Also, much of the loot collected by pirates was not in the form of silver or gold. Most of it was ordinary trade goods, such as food, lumber, cloth, animal hides, and so on. Burying these things would ruin them! They Made People Walk the Plank Myth. Why make them walk off a plank if its easier to throw them overboard? Pirates had many punishments at their disposal, including keel-hauling, marooning, dispensing lashes, and more. Some later pirates allegedly made their victims walk off a plank, but it was hardly common practice. Many Pirates Had Eye Patches and Peg Legs True. Life at sea was harsh, especially if you were in the navy or on board a pirate vessel. The battles and fighting caused many injuries, as men fought with swords, firearms, and cannons. Often, the gunners - those men in charge of the cannons - had the worst of it. An improperly-secured cannon could fly around the deck, maiming everyone near it. Other problems, such as deafness, were occupational hazards. They Lived by a Pirate â€Å"Code† True. Almost every pirate ship had a set of articles that all new pirates had to agree to. It clearly set out how the loot would be divided, who had to do what and what was expected of everyone. Pirates were often punished for fighting on board, which was strictly forbidden. Instead, pirates who had a grudge could fight all they wanted on land. Some pirate articles have survived to this day, including the pirate code of George Lowther and his crew. Crews Were All Males Myth. There were female pirates who were just as lethal and vicious as their male counterparts. Anne Bonny and Mary Read served with the colorful Calico Jack Rackham and were famous for berating him when he surrendered. Its true that female pirates were rare, but not unheard of. Pirates Often Used Colorful Phrases Mostly myth. Pirates would have spoken like any other lower-class sailors from England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, or the American colonies. While their language and accent must certainly have been colorful, it bore little resemblance to what we associate with pirate language today. For that, we have to thank British actor Robert Newton, who played Long John Silver in movies and on TV in the 1950s. It was he who defined the pirate accent and popularized many of the sayings we associate with pirates today. Sources: Cordingly, David. Under the Black Flag: The Romance and Reality of Life Among the Pirates. Random House Trade Paperbacks, 1996, NY. Defoe, Daniel (Captain Charles Johnson). A General History of the Pyrates. Edited by Manuel Schonhorn, Dover Publications, 1972/1999, USA. Konstam, Angus. World Atlas of Pirates. Lyons Press, 2009. Konstam, Angus. The Pirate Ship 1660-1730. Osprey, 2003, NY.

Tuesday, February 25, 2020

Research paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words - 3

Research paper - Essay Example In addition, the course has helped to ward off my ignorance about the environment, culture, geopolitics, oil, Islam, conflict and war in the Middle East region. From the course, I learned the importance of global significance of the Middle East to the entire world. The Arab world has a significant value at political, cultural, economic, and religious levels domestically, regionally and internationally. The significance of religion in the region centers on the fact that it is perceived to be the original place of single or monotheistic Islam (Mohamed n.d). There is changing nature of geopolitics in the Middle East or Arab world in the sense that the impact of Iranian and Turkish rapprochement will make the Middle East nations to experience pressure from Iran and worsen the situation in Iraq, Lebanon, and Syria. These complexities and pressure may have been exacerbated by the U.S president’s recent moves. Combined, the nightmare in the Middle East has been redoubled. The United Arabs Emirates, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia form an effective political bloc in the Middle East. These countries would soon come up with a single currency for the Gulf countries thus isolating certain Middle East countries such as Iran, Palestine, and Kuwait. Israel has isolated itself and formed a formidable relation with the U.S. For instance, I learned that currently, both Israel and the U.S. clearly expressed their goal to control their competitors economically throughout the next 10 years. Furthermore, California is currently a laboratory for energy research and development led by Israel such as the Bright source Company energy. It is vital to note that the U.S. support to Israel is destroying the country. The U.S. is been supporting Israel financially when its own internal economy is weak or struggling (Wright 78). Issues and problems in the Middle East The main issues and problems in the Middle East are the water crisis, war or conflict and dictatorship. In countries of Middle E ast, water shortage is a common problem. For example, in Jordan ‘the drying of streams has led to the lowering of water levels across the country. The water scarcity or shortage in the Middle East has been attributed to the extremely dry climate and the rapid economic development of the country supported the increase of population, which, in its turn, led to the increase of need for water (Wright 89). Water has an additional economic aspect in countries that have scarce water resources. Due to this, the Arab world or Middle East import water for both agricultural and domestic use. This is costly because under certain circumstances, the needs surpass the availability of the resources. The above issue is of critical importance if taking into consideration the fact that the needs for water tend to be increased in countries where the rate of increase of population is high; in Middle East countries such trends have been reported the last decade. For example, the population of Abu D habi ‘has been increased with an annual rate of 6.5% since 1975. In addition, in Jordan, a key member of the Arab league or Middle East, the needs for water supply are expected continuously increase for the next 27 years. The crisis of water in the Arab world or Middle East has been worsened by the deteriorating quality of water in recent years. The utilization of water for industrial, agricultural,